Non-western

Non-Western Art: Art from Japanese Edo Period

The Edo period (or Tokugawa period) in Japan lasted from 1603 to 1868. It was the final period of traditional Japan ruled by Tokugawa shogunate (Samurai). The Edo period came to an end with Meiji Restoration in 1868 that was the political movement to restore an emperor as head of Japan. The movement led Japan to move toward modernization and to militarize the nation. The Last Samurai by Tom Cruise is based on Meiji Restoration. Samurai who were inspired by the traditions of Japan fought against the Meiji military, which is a group influenced by western culture and militarism. I have chosen three works from the Edo period: The Great Wave Off Kanagawa, Fujin-raijin-zu, and Tiger. I really enjoy these works because they are a great representation of Japanese culture and traditional arts.

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The Great Wave Off Kanagawa (Katsushika Hokusai, 1829-1932, Wikipedia)

 The Great Wave Off Kanagawa is an ukiyo-e (woodblock print) created by Katsushika Hokusai sometime between 1829- 1932 exact year unknown. The Great Wave Off Kanagawa is the first design for a series of 36 prints, Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji. It became one of the most well known prints in Japan and had influenced Western artists such as Whistler, van Gogh, and Monet. The Great Wave Off Kanagawa shows a massive wave about come to hit three boats and their crews. On the horizon Mt. Fuji sits in the distance. This is not a picture of fishermen fighting against the wave but rather going with flow of life. I really enjoy this work because its concept. Hokusai had somewhat a long life span, he then wanted to represent his own view of life by depicting the wave and Mt. Fuji. Fishermen on boats describe everyday activities of people back in the Edo period because fishing was essential for their living. They risked their life to go on the ocean to support their country and family. The way he represents the wave really amazed me. He used blue and white to make it look very precise and interesting.

Fujinraijin-tawaraya
Fujin-raijin-zu (Tawaraya Sotatsu, 1700, Wikipedia)

 Fujin-raijin-zu is the folding screen paintings created by Tawaraya Sotatsu in late 1700s exact year unknown. This is the best-known work of Sotatsu and it became National Treasure of Japan. Sotatsu started his career as a fan-painter (Folding screens), which is the art style developed in China and Japan during the 12th century. Later, he became the co-founder of the Rimpa school of Japanese painting. Fujin-raijin-zu was painted under the influence of the great designer and calligrapher Hon’ami Koetsu, and Kyoto’s courtly culture. Fujin (right) and Raijin (left) were depicted in decorated paper with gold and silver background. I really enjoy this paintings because its concept. Raijin is the Japanese god of the thunder and Fujin is the god of the wind, were portrayed to demonstrate the Shinto religion. Japanese used to believe that the sky was dominated by these two gods. Everything occurred above the ground was as results of Fujin and Raijin. Sotatsu was also able to express the glory of gods by using the gold and silver background which I’ve never seen in Western Art.

ito2
Tiger (Ito Jakuchu, 1716, Garden of Praise)

 Ito Jakuchu was born in Kyoto in 1716 (Mid-Edo Period). His family was very wealth, and had been the grocery business for four generations. After his father died, he inherited the business at the age of 23. However, he did not want to become a businessman. He gave up his own business and decided to become a painter. Many of his paintings emphasized Japanese traditional animals such as chickens and birds. The painting Tiger is an imitation of Chinese artist Mao Yi. He could not paint a tiger from a live model because there were not tigers in Japan. However, Jakuchu was very impressed by such an animal. I really enjoyed this work because its color. He precisely expressed the skin tone of unknown animal with only his imagination. One thing that caught my interest was the tiger’s eye.  Usually tigers have sharped narrow eyes with yellow and black pupils. Jakuchu’s tiger has around eyes with blue pupils. He applied his imagination to make the tiger as realistic as possible with only his intuition. This is definitely one of my favorite out of all three.

In conclusion, I represented the three paintings of three great painters from the Edo period. I found many similarities with the paintings. They used short thin brush strokes and preferred to paint on decorated paper with gold and silver backgrounds. The painters tend to write their names and years on the paintings where views easily recognize. Some of paintings were inspired by Chinese style or artists. These paintings clearly illustrate Japanese culture and what Japanese were interested in during the Edo period.

Cites

Cultural News. “Last chance to see world-renowned Japanese painting collection in Santa Ana.” Cultural News. 2014. Web. < http://www.culturalnews.com/?p=4440>.

Iwashita, Mayu. “Tawaraya Sotatsu: The great influence on the next generation of Japanese Paintings.” Kiritz Japan. 20 July 2012. Web. < http://kiritz.jp/2012/07/tawaraya-sotatsu/>.

Mrs. Stevens. “Ito Jakuchu.” Garden of Praise. 2014. Web.
< http://www.gardenofpraise.com/art14.htm>.

Smarthistory. “Hokusai’s Under the Wave Off Kanagawa (The Great Wave).” Smarthistory. KHANACADEMY. 2014. Web. < http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/hokusais-under-the-wave-off-kanagawa.html >.

The British Museum. “Hokusai’s Great Wave.” The British Museum. 2011. Web.<http://www.britishmuseum.org/whats_on/past_exhibitions/2011/hokusais_great_wave.aspx >.

Wikipedia. “Hokusai.” Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. 26 September 2014. Web.
< http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hokusai&redirect=no>.

Wikipedia. “Ito jakuchu.” Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. 17 February 2014. Web.
< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/It%C5%8D_Jakuch%C5%AB>.

Wikipedia. “Tawaraya Sotatsu.” Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. 11 December 2014. Web. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tawaraya_S%C5%8Dtatsu>.

Post Modern Blog:

The Connection of the Modern Art, Science, and Technology

I chose to analyze works from Mariko Mori and Maya Lin, two leading post-modern female artists that have created many significant works in our era. The key points of their woks were working with modern technology and scientific research. I really enjoy their works because they allowed me to realize how science and technology is connected to the modern art. Their works go far beyond the limits of art and the influence of many artists in modern times.

Maya Lin
Screen Shot 2014-10-29 at 12.09.20 PM
Maya Lin, a Chinese American, was born on October 5, 1959 in Athens, Ohio. Lin received a Bachelor of Arts in 1981 from Yale University. During her senior year she won a nationwide design competition for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. She earned a Master of Architecture in 1986 and was awarded honorary doctorate degrees from Yale University, Harvard University, Williams College, and Smith College. Maya Lin designed several of the most significant works of Post Modern Era. Many of her woks demonstrate the viewer’s relationship to the natural world, and finding inspiration from natural environment such as rock formation, water patterns, ice floes, solar eclipses, and aerial views of the earth.
 61601._2x4_Landscape                                              (2 x 4 Landscape, 2006, KYBERIA.SK)

2X4 Landscape is composed of a series of 2×4 sustainable wood created in 2006 in New York. More than 65,000 boards are used, with various lengths, to construct 10 feet tall wave and a surface of area of 1,900 square feet. Lin designated the complex systematic landscapes to illustrate the viewer’s relationship to natural landscape. I enjoy this because its concepts. She turned the natural materials into the beautiful art. She employed angle and wave patterns to catch observer’s interest and a message to love, peace and nature. This work relates to my theme because it carefully designed by computer technology to calculate a complex geometry. She also made different approach to describe the viewer’s relationship of art and nature.

76333102._Water_Line       (Water Line, 2006, KYBERIA.SK)

Water Line is created in 2006 in New York; it is a line drawing in space composed of aluminum tubes. In this work, she collaborated with scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute to demonstrate the ocean floor of the Mid-Atlantic ridge. She again tried to illustrate the viewer’s relationship to nature. I enjoy this work because she made an unordinary approach by collaborating with scientists; she employed a complex geometry that based on the scientific research to turn the simple tubes into a beautiful art. This work relates to my theme because it is based on scientific research.

1346350075_lin_3(Bodies of Water (Black Sea), 2006, Informed by Nature)

Bodies of Water are a series of sculptures created in 2006 in New York and are topographic representations of The Caspian Sea, Black Sea, and Red Sea. It is made of the layers of wood to illustrate unseen underwater landscape. The works Bodies of Water protests against the environmental crimes and cruelties. I enjoy Bodies of Water because she puts emphasis on the environmental issues underwater rather what’s happening at the sea level. This works relate my theme because it is based on scientific observations.

Mariko Mori 

Mariko Mori is a Japanese video, phScreen Shot 2014-10-29 at 11.06.33 AMotographer, and installation artist. She was born in Tokyo in 1967. She graduated from Bunka Fashion College in 1988, and then she studied art at Chelsea College of art and design from 1989 to 1992 in London. Many of her woks were influenced by traditional Buddhism, Shintoism and exoticism with modern technology. She often cast herself into her own woks. She is definitely the one of many artists who shaped the art of 21st century.

itoi11-20-5(Mirror of Water, 1996, Art and Electronic Media)

Mirror of Water is a photographic created in 1996 and was photographed at a French cave, which is sculpted by water over millions of years. In this photograph, Mori appears as futuristic creatures with alien head in the cave underwater. I enjoy this photographic because its concept. The self-images and UFO (egg-like) seem to represent a chain of life, which are birth, development, and death. The reflection of water refers to the human consciousness associated with Enlightenment. She also developed a new style of art by employing a modern photographic technology. This is related to my theme because its a modern technology and science that made it possible to create such art.

MoriM_1235
(Wave UFO, 2003, Public Art Fund)

Wave UFO is a large-scale sculpture created in 2003. After spending three years of an automobile research to design this gigantic sculpture was made in Italy. Wave UFO resembles a spaceship with the shape of a water droplet. I really enjoy Wave UFO because it demonstrates her interest and relationship with cosmos. This is also a great representation of what our science or technology will be like in the advanced future. She once again combines the advanced technologies such as computer graphics, brainwave technology, sound, and architectural engineering to create this stunning sculpture. This is related my theme because a modern technology and science is made possible to create such an exotic illustration.

Mariko-Mori-Tom-Na-H-Iu-II(Tom Na H-iu, 2006, Culture Lab)

Tom Na H-iu is a sculpture created in New York in 2006 and is illuminated by LED lights. The sculpture represents a symbol of life and death. The sculpture is linked to Kamiokande Observatory’s computer in Tokyo. It glows blue, green, yellow or pink each time the computer detects the emission of energy from a supernova explosion. I enjoy this because she again showed her interest in science and beautifully connected the life of a star and art. Human technology has increased rapidly over the past decade. Our technology allows us to determine the beginning of the Universe and where the Universe is heading. Tom Na H-iu is the art that reminds us we are not the only ones in the Universe. We are just a small portion of the Universe.This relates to my theme because it is influenced by science and utilizes modern technology to glow.

In conclusion, I represented six great works of two leading post-modern artists: Mariko Mori and Maya Lin. I was really fascinated by their works. They made me realized of the connection between technology, science, and art. There are many similarities in these two artists. They utilized modern technology to create their works and were influenced by the natural environment and the Universe. They also completely rejected traditional art and developed a new style of art.

Cites

Austen, Kat. “Mariko Mori: From stone circles to stardust.” Culture Lab. 14 January 2013. Web. <http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/culturelab/2013/01/mariko-mori-from-stone-circles-to-stardust.html>

Campellin, Leda. Dr.. “Maya Lin’s Environmental Installations: Bringing the outside In.” PDF. < http://www.kon.org/urc/v9/Interconnected-Through-Art/tenbrink.pdf >.

Informed by Nature. “Land Art.” Informed by Nature Org. 2014. Web.
< http://www.informedbynature.org/art/detail/id/35>.

KYBERIA.SK. “Maya Lin.” KYBERIA.SK. 27 March 2009. Web.
<https://kyberia.sk/id/4609479/>.

KunstOnline.DK. “Mariko Mori – Oneness.” KUNSTONLINE.DK. 2014. Web.
< http://www.kunstonline.dk/indhold/mariko_mori.php4>.

Notable Biographies. “Maya Lin Biography.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2014. Web. < http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ki-Lo/Lin-Maya.html>.

Ross, Alex. “Maya Lin.” Stanford Presidential Lecture and Symposia in the Humanities and Arts. 2002. Web. < https://prelectur.stanford.edu/lecturers/lin/>.

Royalacademy.org.uk. “Mariko Mori: Rebirth.” Marthagarzon. 2014. Web.
< http://www.marthagarzon.com/contemporary_art/2012/12/mariko-mori-rebirth/>.

Soros, Melissa, and Soros, Robert. “Mariko Mori WAVE UFO.” Public Art Fund. 2014.
< http://publicartfund.org/view/exhibitions/5825_wave_ufo>.

TeachArt Wiki. “Mariko Mori – Wave UFO.” TeachArt Wiki. 2010. We.
< http://teachartwiki.wikispaces.com/Mariko+Mori+-+Wave+UFO>.

Thor. “Mirror of Water.” Art and Electronic Media. 24 March 2010. Web.
< http://www.artelectronicmedia.com/artwork/mirror-of-water>.

Time Out editors. “Mariko Mori, “Tom Na H-iu”.” TimeOut New York. 22 Nov 2007. Web. < http://www.timeout.com/newyork/art/mariko-mori-tom-na-h-iu>.

Wikipedia. “Mariko Mori.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 04 September 2014. Web. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariko_Mori>.

Wikipedia. “Maya Lin.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 08 October 2014. Web.
< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_Lin>.

Early Modern:

The influence of WWI and The Dada Movement

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian Nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia.  His death caused World War I (WWI), and WWI lasted for four years and took more than 9 million soldiers and 7 million civilians lives. This horrific even caused artists to re-evaluate  social and moral values, and led to Dada movement. Today, I would like to share three visual arts created out of the Dada movement.  I’ve chosen Nude Descending Staircase No.2 by Marcel Duchamp, Republican Automatons by George Grosz, and Cut with the Kitchen Knife by Hannah Hoch because these paintings reflect the social values of artists along with the Data movement at that time.

Duchamp_-_Nude_Descending_a_Staircase
 Nude Descending a Staircase No.2 (Marcel Duchamp, 1912, Wikipedia)

The painting titled Nude Descending a Staircase No.2 is created by French-American painter Marcel Duchamp in 1912. Marcel Duchamp was known for Dadaist and anti-war activism. The painting was rejected the Salon des Independents by Cubists because Cubists were offended by Marcel Duchamp’s use of nudity. It first appeared in the United States at the New York Armory Show in February 1913. The painting showed the influence of WWI in which he felt uncomfortable with many of his brother and friends serving in military and man being used like machines. The painting focused on the mechanic motion of a nude using techniques of cubists, but he developed cubist’s techniques even far beyond the cubists. He layered over twenty static positions of the nude within this art and used many cones and cylinders indicate the nude’s dynamic motions. My first impression of the painting was confusion. I did not notice this is the nude portrait until I’ve analyzed the painting. However, the painting caught my attention because it completely rejected the traditional nude portrait and made a revolutionary approach for new nude portrait styles. This is what I find interesting about this painting.

Republican_Automatons_George_Grosz_1920
Republican Automatons (George Grosz, 1920, Wikipedia)

George Grosz is German artist grew up in Germany and became American citizen in 1938. He was also known for a Dadaist. The painting titled Republican Automatons was created about   life in Germany in 1920. The painting criticized the structure of society in Germany during WWI and opposed to German nationalism. Grosz used many linear nines and geometric shapes to convey a precise message to nationalists. Especially, two men with no face components represent his view of modern man as machine. A man with a number on his face was a whole new way to criticize the values of man in German society. It made me interested in German society during WWI.

Hoch-Cut_With_the_Kitchen_Knife
Cut with the Kitchen Knife (Hannah Hoch, 1920, NewStatesman)

Hannah Hoch was a German Female Data artist during 1920s, and she was known for a pioneer of photomontage. The photomontage Cut with the Kitchen Knife was created in Germany in 1920. She rearranged images and text from the media to criticize the German society, government, and nationalism after WWI. More than 30 images and texts are overlapped one another. She also inserted “DADA” and “Anti” texts into the photomontage to support the Dada movement and anti-nationalists. I enjoy this photomontage because she beautifully bended all images includes mechanical machines, buildings, men, women, children, and animals into one picture. She clearly illustrates her view of the German society and nationalism after WWI.

In conclusion, all three works were great, but I personally enjoy Nude Descending a Staircase No.2 by Marcel Duchamp the most. His new representation of the nude portrait made me really curious about what it is and the social influence behind it. All three works have many similarities include linear lines, geometric shapes, men as machine, texts, and these three works were influenced by World War I. These works demonstrate the social influence of Dadaist and the value of life at that time.

 

Cites

Artsy. “Hannah Hoch.” Artsy. 2014. Web. < https://artsy.net/artwork/hannah-hoch-cut-with-the-dada-kitchen-knife-through-the-last-weimar-beer-belly-cultural-epoch-in-germany>.

Hus, William. “Republican Automatons.” Academic Decathlon. 20 July 2013. Web. < http://blogs.rowlandhs.org/groups/academicdecathlon/wiki/ebd21/Republican_Automatons.html>.

Jacques, Juliet. “The New Woman: Berlin’s feminist, Dadaist pioneer Hannah Hoch.” NewStatesman. 18 January 2014. Web. < http://www.newstatesman.com/juliet-jacques/2014/01/new-woman-berlins-feminist-dadaist-pioneer-hannah-h%C3%B6ch>.

MoMA. “Republican Automatons (Republikanische Automaten).”The Museum of Modern Art. 2014. Web. <http://www.moma.org/collection/provenance/provenance_object.php?object_id=34169>.

Wikipedia. “Marcel Duchamp.” Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. 13 Octorber 2014. Web. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Duchamp>.

Zibas, Christine. “Artwork nude Descending a Staircase no 2 by Marcel Duchamp.” FineArts360. 20 July 2011. Web. <http://www.finearts360.com/index.php/artwork-nude-descending-a-staircase-no-2-by-marcel-duchamp-1667/>.

Romantic Era

Comparison of Two Great Artists:Vincent van Gogh and Marc Chagall

I personally enjoy the works of impressionists. It’s very appealing and descriptive. As I analyzed a few works, I found some characteristics in impressionist art. Landscape, lighting, and weather are three main characteristics of the impressionist art. I especially like post-impressionist Vincent Van Gogh’s works. Van Gogh is one of the best artists in the Romantic Era. Gogh was known as a self-taught artist who was inspired by the works of the Impressionists/post-impressionists. His unique styles brought a great influence on impressionists/post-impressionists and artists of today. Today, I would like to share two pieces of works from post-Impressionism and early modern period, then detail and compare these two works.

Hospital_in_Saint-Remy
Hospital at Saint-Remy (Vincent van Gogh, 1889, Wikipedia)

In 1888, Van Gosh cut off his own ear after he argued with his French artist Paul Gauguni. He was hospitalized at the Saint-Paul asylum in Saint-Remy. The work Hospital at Saint-Remy is one of his many collections he created when he was a patient at the Saint-Paul asylum. The building in this painting is known as the Saint-Paul asylum where he was hospitalized. To the left, the tree is twisted in the blue sky seems to represent van Gogh’s desire to live. At the same time, a man standing with his arm on his side shows his dark side of his life because when he started painting his work, he became paranoid thinking people were trying to poison him. I personally like this painting because he utilized many color to show his interest in impressionism, especially the color of the tree amazed me. This is also a great example of his daily life at Saint-Paul asylum.

Chagall_IandTheVillage
I and the Village (Marc Chagall, 1911, MoMA)

The work above titled I and the Village was created by the early modern artist Marc Chagall in 1911. He is known as a pioneer of modernism. I and the Village is made up of Marc’s childhood dreams and memories in the town of Vitebsk in Russia. Five distinct stories overlap one another. A green-faced man with a cross necklace indicates the man is a Christian. He stares at a goat and they look like they are communicating to each other. Right above the green-faced man’s forehead, an upside-down woman is pictured right next to a collection of buildings and Orthodox Church. I believed this is an image he had dreamed about in his childhood. The sun shining through the tree represents the life of nature. I’ve chosen this picture because this is a new style Chagall developed like nobody has ever done before. The paining can be viewed as a jigsaw puzzle, but he beautifully blended five distinct stories into one picture. It beautifully illustrates the relationships of humans, animals, plants, and universe where he grew up.

In conclusion, Van Gogh used a dramatic short thick brush strokes. His painting had many unstructured lines. His painting was based on his life experience and the focal point of the painting was clear. Marc Chagall’s painting used many thin brush strokes. His painting had blended with various colors. The focal point of his painting was indistinct. I think these two works seem to have many similarities; trees, people, and buildings and these two works were influenced by their own life experience. The modernist captured many great techniques from impressionists, and then turned into their own style.

Cites

Wikipedia. “Saint-Paul Asylum, Saint-Remy (Van Gogh series).” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 13 June 2014. Web. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Paul_Asylum,_Saint-R%C3%A9my_(Van_Gogh_series)>.

Bio. “Vincent van Gogh.” Bio. A&E Television Networks. 2014. Web. < http://www.biography.com/people/vincent-van-gogh-9515695#related-video-gallery>.

MoMA. “I and the Village.” The Museum of Modern Art. 2014. Web. < http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=78984 >.

Marc Chagall Paintings. “Chagall’s I and the Village.” Marc Chagall Paintings. 2014. Web. < http://www.chagallpaintings.org/iandthevillage.html>.

Classical Era: Art and Scientific Discoveries in the 1700’s

In the early Classical Era, English physicist and mathematician, Isaac Newton published Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Principia). In the book Principia, Isaac Newton described universal gravitation and three laws of motion in mathematical way. It was a whole new idea that Newton discovered and his scientific discoveries played a big role in the Enlightenment and influenced many artists. The Enlightenment caused people to look for importance of reason and individualisms, instead of following traditional ideas and views. Today, I would like to analyze the work titled A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery by Joseph Wright of Derby. I’ve chosen this painting because this is a great example of how people or artists in the classical period were influenced by scientific discoveries.

Wright_of_Derby,_The_Orrery
A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery (Joseph Wright of Derby, 1766, Wikipedia)

 

Joseph Wright was an English landscape and portrait painter. He had a strong curiosity in science and he created many works under the influence of science. Public science lectures became popular as the Enlightenment spread across the Europe. The work A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery was created when Joseph Wright of Derby attended to a lecture of John Whitehurst. I can see that A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery shows a great appreciation on science. The peoples in this painting seem curious about the scientific instrument on the table. To the left, a man taking notes looked very desirable to expand his knowledge of science. A boy and a girl looked wondering about what this lecture is all about. I especially enjoy this painting because it includes all ages and genders. This explains people were very fascinated the scientific discoveries of the Classical Era. The characters in the picture also represent that increased in power of middle class and women. The middle class gained accessibility for better education and women were allowed to educate in same place as boys.

pianoforte_vis-a-vis (1)
The First Piano (Bartolomeo Cristofori, 1709, PBworks)

The science discoveries played a big role in classical era. There was a big change in musical world. The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori in Italy in 1709. The piano was evolved from the harpsichord and clavichord. Cristofori discovered that hammers must strike the string but not stay in contact with it. As results, the vibration of strings at the specific frequency creates different notes.The innovation of the piano has brought the revolution in music during the classical era as well as Today’s music.

The following link shows Beethoven’s Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor, Op.13. 2nd Movement. Beethoven wrote this song in 1798 and published in 1799. This is one of my favorite on the piano songs from the Classical Era.

In conclusion, I represented the painting titled A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery as well as the influence of science with this painting. I spent some time analyzing this work and I concluded this is the most influential work of the Classical Era. A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery by Joseph Wright of Derby clearly described people’s curiosity of science and increased in power of middle class and women. This is what made me find this painting so interesting.

Cites

PBworks. “Instrumentation of the Classical Period.” Wolfswiki. 2008. Web. < http://wolfswiki.pbworks.com/w/page/12430900/Instrumentation%20of%20the%20Classical%20Period >.

Smarthistory. “Wright of Derby’s A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery.” Khanacademy. Web. < http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/wright-of-derbys-a-philosopher-lecturing-on-the-orrery.html >.

Wikipedia. “Isaac Newton.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 06 October 2014. Web. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton >.

Wikipedia. “Joseph Wright of Derby.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 11 October 2014. Web. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Wright_of_Derby >.

Baroque Era: Portrait of Pope Innocent X by Diego Velázquez

Retrato_del_Papa_Inocencio_X._Roma,_by_Diego_VelázquezPortrait of Pope Innocent X (Wikipedia.Org)

Today, I would like to analyze the painting titled, Portrait of Pope Innocent X, created by Diego Velazquez. He was the one of the most influential painters during the Baroque Era, as well as the leading artist on the court of King Phillip IV. Portrait of Innocent X is known for the best painting ever created by Diego Velazquez. I especially like this painting because of the color of this painting, the shadows, and Pope’s facial expression described his ugliness and anger. I think Velazquez was expert on analyzing people’s soul and mind, then was able to represent individual’s characteristic in the piece of art. In fact, as soon as Giovanni was elected as Pope Innocent X. He issued action against Antonio and Francesco Barberini who were supposed to be successors after Pope Urban VIII for misappropriation of church funds.

Firstly, I would like to represent the influence of the royalty on this painting. In the period of Baroque Era, the visual arts were patronized by many of ruling kings and upper class and trading arts with different countries was increased. Under the sponsorship of King Phillip IV, Velazquez was allowed to travel around the world for education and collection of art. The Portrait of Pope Innocent x was created on his second trip to Italy in 1650 sponsored by King Phillip IV. Many of Velazquez’s works were created under the influence of King Phillip IV and his royal family. Secondly, I also see some influence of the Council of Trent which was the most important movement of the Catholic–Counter Reformation during the Baroque Era. The Portrait of Pope Innocent X seem to represents the importance of Roman Catholic Church against the Protestants. The Pope is setting on the chair in the white and red robes with the gold around his back shows the power of his position. He also seems so confident with his little smile on his face. Diego Velazquez himself believed in Roman Catholic. I believe Diego was trying to represent the importance of the Roman Catholic in the painting of Pope Innocent X.

In conclusion, I represented the relationship of royalty and the Council of Trent with this a piece of art. I spent some time analyzing this work and I concluded this is the most influential work of the Baroque Era. Diego uniquely described Pope’s facial expression like nobody ever done before. His facial expression reminds me Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, depending on how you look at this painting. Pope’s facial expression changes everytime and it makes it appear so mysterious. This is what makes this painting so powerful.

The Works of Diego Velazquez

References 

Galleria Doria Pamphilj. “Portrait of Innocent X.” Galleria Doria Pamphilj. 2014. Web. <http://www.doriapamphilj.it/ukinnocenzox.asp >.

Knight, Kevin. “Pope Innocent X.” New Advent. 2012. Web.<http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08020b.htm>.

One-Evil.Org. “Pope Innocent X.” One-Evil.Org. UCADIA Networks. 2014. Web.<http://oneevil.org/content/people_17c_innocent_x.html>.

Wikipedia.Org. “Pope of Innocent X.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 09 AUG 2014. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Innocent_X>.

Italian Renaissance

Today, I would like to analyze the influence of
Medici family on the world of art, titled Primimavera
created by Sandro Botticelli.  I chose this painting
because it represents beauty and love of human especially
female. Primimavera was created under the patron of Medici
family in 1482, and it was the largest mythological painting
of the Early Italian Renaissance. Analysts believe that the
painting was probably gifted for the marriage of Lorenzo di
Pierfrancesco (a cousin of Lorenzo “II Magnifico). 

primavera

 Primimavera (Artble.com)

The Medici family was the most powerful and
influential family of European Renaissance. Cosimo de Modeici
was to be the real founder of the family’s fortune.  He
had spent lots of money for the city of Florence, and
supported many artists. After his grandson Lorenzo “II
Magnifico” gained the power.  Lorenzo used his wealth and
influence to support artists.  He paid for artists to get
better educations and supplied them with homes by purchasing
their works. Botticelli was one of the most well-known of
Lorenzo’s employees..  Without Lorenzo’s wealth and
influence, many of Botticelli great works would never have
occurred.

This painting shows nine figures and all based on
a mythological text. Woman in the center is known as Venus,
the goodness of love and beauty, and Venus is surrounded by
three Graces. These three Graces represent the feminine
virtues of Chastity, Beauty, and Love.  The man on the left
is Mercury, he is the god of the month of May. He protects
Venus and the garden and separates the clouds so that spring
may come. Cupid is above Venus, and he is known as the son
of Venus. He is the god of love and he attempts to protect
marriages.  On the right side, the group of three is shown
Zephyrus, Flora, and Chloris. There is some interesting
story about how Chloris became Flora.  Chloris was a Nymph
associated with flowers and spring. She was abducted and
raped by Zephyrus, the god of the west wind.  After
Zephyrus married Chloris to apologize her what he had done,
and he named her Flore. The oranges growing in the grove
represents love and fertility. The Medici family had an
orange grove on the family estate. The interesting fact that
there are no oranges on the right above Zephyr until the
scene moves on to left and Flore is shown to be married.
This represents the hope of a great marriage of Medici
Family.

Botticelli, La Primavera (Spring), 1481-1482

Youtube <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwZn852brII>

 

Sources

Armson, ruth. “the Medici family.” Welcome to Renaissance Personalities Student home page. Web. 1997.   <http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/projects/renaissance/main/medici.html>.

Artble. “Primavera.” Artble.com. Web. 2014.<http://www.artble.com/artists/sandro_botticelli/paintings/primavera>.

Italian Renaissance. “Betticelli’s Primavera.” ItalianRenaissance.org. Web. 2014.<http://www.italianrenaissance.org/a-closer-look-botticellis-primavera/>.

Sandro Botticelli “The Medici Family.” Weebly. Web.<http://sandrobotticellibelmonthonors.weebly.com/index.html>.